Asifma Cornerstone Investment Agreement

The Asian Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (ASIFMA) has recently introduced a new investment agreement called the ASIFMA Cornerstone Investment Agreement (ACIA). This agreement is designed to facilitate capital raising for companies looking to list on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange (HKEX).

The ACIA provides a framework for companies to engage with cornerstone investors, who are typically large institutional investors, prior to their initial public offerings (IPOs). These cornerstone investors commit to purchasing a significant portion of the company`s shares in the IPO, which provides stability and confidence to other potential investors in the market.

The ACIA is an important development for the Hong Kong capital market, as it helps to address concerns about the traditional IPO process, which can be fraught with volatility and uncertainty. By engaging with cornerstone investors prior to the IPO, companies can reduce the risk of under-subscription and price volatility, which can negatively impact the success of the IPO.

The ACIA also helps to democratize the IPO process by allowing smaller investors to participate in the pre-IPO process. This aligns with the trend in recent years towards democratizing access to capital markets, particularly in the context of growth in online trading and the rise of fintech firms.

ASIFMA has emphasized that the ACIA is not a legal agreement, but rather a framework for discussion between companies and investors. This means that it can be adapted to suit the needs of individual companies and investors, which is important given the diversity of companies and industries in the Hong Kong capital market.

The ACIA has been welcomed by market participants, including regulators, who see it as a positive development for the Hong Kong capital market. It is seen as a step towards making the IPO process more transparent, efficient, and accessible for all market participants.

In conclusion, the ASIFMA Cornerstone Investment Agreement is an important development for the Hong Kong capital market. It provides a framework for companies and investors to engage in pre-IPO discussions, which can help to reduce volatility and uncertainty in the IPO process. With its emphasis on transparency and democratization, the ACIA is a positive step towards making the Hong Kong capital market more accessible and efficient for all market participants.

Definitive Agreement Thcb

As a professional, it is important to understand and explain the topic of “definitive agreement thcb” in a clear and concise manner to readers. In this article, we will explore the meaning and significance of a definitive agreement in the context of THCB.

Firstly, THCB stands for Tuscan Holdings Corp. II, which is a blank check company that focuses on acquiring or merging with other companies. A definitive agreement is a legally binding contract that outlines the terms and conditions of a merger or acquisition between two companies. It is typically the final step in the negotiation process before the deal is completed.

In the case of THCB, the definitive agreement refers to the agreement they have made with Microvast, a leading provider of electric battery technologies. This agreement will result in Microvast becoming a publicly listed company on the NASDAQ stock exchange, with a valuation of approximately $3 billion.

This definitive agreement is significant for both THCB and Microvast. For THCB, it represents a successful merger and acquisition that will enhance their portfolio and attract more investors. It also shows that they are committed to their mission of identifying and acquiring high-growth companies.

For Microvast, this definitive agreement means that they are able to access the public markets and raise capital to accelerate their growth plans. They will also benefit from being part of a publicly listed company, which can provide greater visibility and credibility in the marketplace.

In terms of SEO, it is important to include relevant keywords and phrases throughout the article, such as “THCB”, “Microvast”, “definitive agreement”, and “merger and acquisition”. By doing so, this article will be more likely to appear in search results when readers search for information related to these keywords.

In conclusion, the definitive agreement between THCB and Microvast is a significant event that will have a positive impact on both companies. It represents a successful merger and acquisition that will enhance THCB`s portfolio and provide Microvast with greater access to capital and visibility in the marketplace. As a professional, it is important to provide clear and concise information that includes relevant keywords and phrases to ensure that the article is easily discoverable by readers.

3M Legal Issues

Company Size: With a market capitalization of more than $100 billion, even with significant legal liabilities, the company has the size and scope to absorb the negative impact and grow in the future. But after a bankruptcy judge rejected a key aspect of its legal strategy, 3M faces an uphill battle to find a way to control its costs, which result from 230,000 lawsuits on behalf of veterans, the largest multi-district litigation in U.S. history. Undoubtedly, legal uncertainty poses significant challenges for 3M`s management in the short term. Investors are right to ask how they take into account potential liability risks and what this means for 3M`s future earnings. The legal situation weighed on the share price, with shares falling more than 17% in the past month. The profit engines are intact – regardless of legal uncertainties: Covid and Covid variants and other infectious diseases will continue to cause great concern to employers, governments and individuals. 3M is well positioned in the field of personal protective equipment to meet this need. Rates of diabetes and chronic diseases are on the rise worldwide. These medical issues create a demand for improved medical associations and medical software to improve case management. And industrial adhesive and belt product lines are likely to have tailwinds as companies rethink their processes and innovate in the new environment.

These trends, combined with 3M`s patent legal protection, bode well for the sustainability of long-term profits. The chance to win on appeal: the legal process is underway and, without a doubt, armies of lawyers on all sides of the argument are active in defending clients. It is possible that 3M will prevail in future appeals or at least change financial decisions. The 3M conglomerate faces legal risks to its shares. Gergel, who sits on the U.S. District Court for South Carolina, noted that there were factual issues regarding the government`s knowledge of the risks and dismissed 3M`s request for immunity. We, patient value investors, like to look at investments over years and decades, not short-term. Assuming 3M normalizes and continues to expand its long-standing track record of earnings growth, what is 3M`s stock worth if the company goes through this period of legal uncertainty? 3M, the post-it and tape maker, plans to cut jobs as part of a cost-cutting campaign as its legal problems worsen, according to a Bloomberg report.

The 3M conglomerate faces legal risks to its shares. Investors` approach has been to sell first and ask questions later, and Wall Street is not resisting that reaction. But now, the recent price drop raises the following questions: Is legal uncertainty temporary and is it time to consider buying/adding positions? The biggest risk to this assessment is certainly the legal commitment related to earplugs and PFAS chemical claims. Jury decisions that go far beyond what is expected could make a big difference in future returns. Today, 3M is facing the current legal uncertainties weighing on its share price. If that issue isn`t on your radar, the company was fined $110 million by a Florida jury in late January due to concerns about earplugs and alleged damage caused by defective products. It is well known that 3M has a proven track record of increasing profits and other fundamentals over the past decade or more, and that with enough time, legal uncertainties will eventually be resolved. Undoubtedly, the result could be very unfavorable. But the question will always be resolved. The jury awarded Camarillorazo total damages of $13,062,320. This compensation included $816,395 in damages, broken down as follows: An analysis by Bloomberg Intelligence found that 3M`s total liabilities could reach $30 billion.

If you have a potential 3M earplug lawsuit and have not made a claim, contact a lawyer. You can call our lawyers at 800-553-8082. The 6th Bellwether trial in the 3M earplug MDL took place in Joseph Palanki v. 3M Co., et al. (3:19-cv-2324). Palanki was a 50-year-old Tennessee resident and a veteran of the U.S. Army and National Guard. Palanki claimed that while actively serving in the military at a base in Texas, he suffered hearing damage when he used the earplugs of 3M`s combat weapons. Take a close look at previous lows on the black price line. Over the past 20 years, 3M has reached its lowest point at about 14X-16X only a handful of times. For the Wall Street Journal, you will be charged more than $citing taxes (if any).

You can change your billing preferences at any time in the Customer Area or call customer service. You will be notified in advance of any changes to the rate or conditions. You can cancel your subscription at any time by calling customer service. Historically, the average P/E ratio of 3 million over the past 20 years is about 19X. Assuming earnings per share of $10.40 for 2022, the forward P/E ratio is 14 times. Last week, 3M earplugs rendered judgments in the 6th and 7th Bellwether trials in the ongoing 3M earplug litigation, the biggest lack of consolidated mass credibility in U.S. history. As selfish as it may be, our lawyers are constantly asking themselves this question. Your lawyer should be in regular contact with you.

Der 7. Bellwether`s trial took place simultaneously in Tallahassee in Guillermo Camarillorazo v. 3M Company, et al. (7:20-cv-00098). Camarillorazo was the third Bellwether case selected by the plaintiff`s lawyers. Gergel said the records show the government did not know PFAS was present in the AFFF until 2000, and that 3M conducted more than 1,000 internal studies on the presence of PFAS and its toxicity, but never publicly disclosed it. Regardless of the immediate titles, the key to my place is the note. At current prices, 3M is available at an attractive entry point based on the company`s historical standards, size and market position to benefit from in the future.

Records also show that 3M lied to the public as early as the 1970s about the presence of PFAS in people`s blood, the judge said. There have now been 7 rounds of Bellwether lawsuits involving 9 plaintiffs in the 3M earplug litigation. 3 of the 9 plaintiffs lost and received $0 in damages. The 6 plaintiffs who won their case received damages totalling $29,429,925. This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. To order ready-to-use copies for distribution to your colleagues, clients or clients, visit After hearing closing arguments from both parties, the jury returned to review the case after lunchtime on Friday, November 12. At 3:00 a.m., the jury gave the judge a question.

By 5:30 a.m., the jury had decided that Palanki could not prove any of his allegations against 3M and issued a defense verdict. 3M`s price performance over the past month (Seeking Alpha) Supply chain disruptions continue to have an impact. While it is hoped that these concerns will decrease sequentially over the next few months, there could be unforeseen disruptions underway. Other types of civil cases that declined during this period included Social Security lawsuits, labor lawsuits, and civil rights cases. This article attempts to complete the 3M conversation by giving the reasons why 3M is likely to survive the current uncertainty, a theory of evaluation based on a return to normal outcomes and risks to evaluation. You can call any 3M earplug advocate. Not just us. It is important that you call today so that you do not risk missing the deadline for a lawsuit. If you do not comply with the limitation period, you will not be able to receive compensation for the damage caused to you. Product innovation generates sustainable margins: the R&D department has developed a remarkable range of products, and the company rarely grants licenses. The result is that the company is able to maintain healthy margins even in an inflationary environment.

6 Forms of Avoir

In this time, the current conjugation of all is used in conjunction with the complete verb to have. Based on previous times, can you guess how the forms of the previous future are created? You need: Here is the conjugation diagram have for the subjunctive, subjunctive mood present: In this example, “I am 27 years old” becomes I am twenty-seven years old. Ai is the combined version of having in the present. Today, they have learned to conjugate Having in different times and moods. Learning forms in pairs makes the task much easier. Here is a summary of the conjugation to have with the verb thunder (“to give”) for compound tenses: To give commands or commands, you need the imperative mood. It is not very common to command someone to own something, but there are cases where you would use the imperative with having, such as: when you tell someone to be patient. Note that negative commands are simply placed by placing ne. place the positive order.

Compound past is a compound past and uses the forms of the verb auxiliary to the present. To create a sentence in past compound, you need: So, for this time, as long as you have learned the French conjugation of having in the present and you know that the past partizip of the verb is “eu”, you should not have any problems. You choose an auxiliary verb between to have and to be (“to be”). Have is your verb that is used in most cases. In this article, you will learn more about when to use be instead. Here is an example of conjugation for the verb that you know very well now, to have: First, use the present tense of have, as shown in the table above, and then use it in conjunction with the past partizip of the verb (eu). As is the rule, if ever followed by a vowel, it becomes j`, which happened for the first person in the current conjugation of having. Being wrong (“be wrong / false”) is a very useful expression with having: test your skills and see what you have learned from this article by playing a selection of French phrases with conjugated forms of “having”.

Various forms of the verb to have are among the most common French verb forms. The basic meaning of having in English is “to have”, but it can be different depending on the context in which it is used. It is a compound time. There are two verbs: to see it auxiliary and to take it. Be careful with the pronunciation of this verb. In formal French, there are many good connections associated with the pronunciation of having: today we are going to focus on one of the 2 most important French verbs: AVOIR = AVOIR. Not only is it a crucial verb that we use all the time, but it is also the basis of a past called compound past, which one could not conjugate at all without knowing the verb to have in the present tense. It is called an auxiliary verb, an auxiliary verb, the auxiliary to have.

Let`s conjugate it in the present tense with each individual subject pronoun, and then I`ll put it in a short sentence to give you context and more vocabulary at the same time. Here we go! This time is also mainly used in formal written French. It is formed by the combination of the simple past and the past partizip of having. The forms of having in imperfect are also used to form a compound tense, the French equivalent of Past Perfect in English, the plus-que-parfait. The verb to have is also one of the few common but very irregular French verbs: Here are some examples of how you can use having in this tense with the expression to be afraid):As explained earlier, having is used as an auxiliary verb for other French verbs in this tense. For the past compound tense of having, it must be conjugated twice in a certain sense. to have/be im imperfect + past participle of the Hauptverbs The future conjugation of having it in French can be used to say that someone or something will have something in the future. Since having in English is such a commonly used verb and does not have the same conjugation rules as other ir verbs, it is important that you take the time to learn these conjugations. Have you ever tried to conjugate having as an ordinary -ir verb? Below are the ways to conjugate the verb without being confused with the rules of regular -ir verbs.

The forms of having in the present (the present) are the first ones you should learn. Here they are: To conjugate this version of the French verb to have, you need to combine the future form and the participation of the past. The irregular French verb to have, which means “to have”, is one of the most commonly used verbs of all French verbs. Having is also an auxiliary verb, which means that it is used to form compound tenses such as the compound past tense. Since most French verbs use have to form their compound tenses, it is important to memorize and understand having. The times and moods in this article are matched in such a way that you can recognize patterns and remember more easily the conjugation to have. As you probably guessed, the correct form of conjugation having in the present subjunctive is necessary if we want to use the past subjunctive: The following conjugation tables show how the French verb to have is formed by time and person. To hear the pronunciation of a specific time to have, click on the speaker icon at the bottom of the table. See the notes on the conjugation of having at the bottom of this page. The compound past is a form of past that can be perfectly translated into English as a simple past or present.

It is formed with the auxiliary verb to have and the past partizip eu (pronounced as a single sound, u, as in tu). Note that having is therefore both the verb for the auxiliary and for the past partizip, just as in English “have had”. Having in the past compound is also not often used for the meaning of owning an object (for this purpose, you would use the imperfect), but for other expressions that use having, such as a discussion, a transformation, an accident, etc. Other important forms of having are those of a past, the imperfect. You can see them all below: Remember the expression avoir peur in English (“avoir peur”) that we discussed earlier? The derived expression be afraid that (“fear”) also requires a subjunctive: as mentioned above, having does not follow the same rules as other -ir verbs when conjugated. This can lead to a lot of confusion as it is one of the most commonly used verbs in English. Knowing French conjugation “to have” in different times is very useful, especially since there are a number of practical phrases with having. I have already slipped some of them into this article. Here are a few others to memorize: Mastering French verb conjugation can be quite a challenge for a language learner. While there are a number of regular conjugation patterns that can help you tremendously in this process, the conjugation of having is irregular and you need to memorize it. This time, also known as The Simple Past, is mainly used in writing to describe something that happened in the past. *Just to make sure you understand, the 2 sentences above mean exactly the same thing and it`s “We have a little car” The only difference is that “we” is more casual and “we” is more formal” It has = It has an exam tomorrow = It has an exam tomorrow This verb is also used to conjugate other verbs in certain times, For example, the compound past.

Force Majeure Contract Clause Example

Force Majeure Contract Clause Example: Protecting Your Business from Uncontrollable Events

A force majeure clause is a contractual provision that excuses a party`s performance obligations when unforeseeable events beyond their control prevent them from fulfilling their contractual duties. In other words, it`s a way to protect your business from events that are out of your hands.

In the wake of COVID-19, many businesses have realized the importance of a well-drafted force majeure clause. Whether it`s a pandemic, natural disaster, war, or any other unforeseeable event, a force majeure clause can help you manage risks and protect your business from potential losses.

Let`s take a closer look at a force majeure contract clause example:

“Force Majeure Event. Neither party shall be deemed in breach of this Agreement to the extent that performance of its obligations or attempts to cure any breach are delayed or prevented by reason of any act of God, war, terrorism, riot, fire, explosion, flood, pandemic, strike, labor dispute, civil commotion or any other cause beyond the reasonable control of the affected party.”

This clause defines a force majeure event as any occurrence beyond the reasonable control of either party. It lists specific events, such as a pandemic or fire, but also includes a catch-all phrase at the end that covers any other cause beyond both parties` control.

It`s essential to understand that a force majeure clause will only excuse non-performance if the event listed or the cause of the non-performance is beyond the control of both parties. In other words, the event must be unforeseeable, and there must be no other way for either party to perform their obligations.

Here are some best practices for drafting or reviewing a force majeure clause:

1. Be specific: List specific events or conditions that trigger the clause. This will help avoid disputes over whether a particular event falls within the scope of the clause.

2. Include a catch-all phrase: As we saw in the example above, including a catch-all phrase that covers any other cause beyond the parties` control can provide additional protection.

3. Define the consequences: Clearly state what happens when the force majeure clause is triggered, such as suspending performance or terminating the contract.

4. Mitigation efforts: The clause should also make it clear what efforts each party must make to mitigate the effects of the force majeure event.

5. Negotiate the clause: The force majeure clause should be negotiated and agreed upon by both parties before signing the contract. Each party must be clear about their responsibilities and what events they are protected against.

In conclusion, a force majeure clause is a crucial provision that can protect your business from unforeseeable events. By including a well-drafted force majeure clause in your contract, you can mitigate risks and avoid potential losses that may arise from circumstances beyond your control.

What Is Restitution in Breach of Contract

Restitution in Breach of Contract: Understanding the Basics

Contracts are essential for any business to operate smoothly, as they establish legal obligations and rights between parties. However, while contracts are designed to be followed, they can also be breached. When one party fails to fulfill their contractual obligations, the other party may seek damages, which can include restitution.

Restitution is a remedy that seeks to restore the non-breaching party to the position they were in before the breach occurred. It is a way to compensate the injured party for any losses or expenses they incurred as a result of the breach.

In the context of breach of contract, restitution can take several forms. These include:

1. Restitution for Benefits Received

When one party breaches a contract, they may have received some form of benefit from the other party. In this case, the injured party may seek restitution for the benefits provided. For example, if a contractor breaches a construction contract, the property owner may seek restitution for any payments made to the contractor.

2. Restitution for Expenses Incurred

In some cases, the non-breaching party may have incurred expenses as a result of the breach. For example, if a supplier breaches a contract to deliver materials, the buyer may have to purchase materials from another supplier at a higher cost. In this case, the buyer may seek restitution for the additional expenses incurred.

3. Restitution for Profits Made

If the breaching party has made a profit as a result of the breach, the non-breaching party may seek restitution for those profits. For example, if a company breaches a contract with a competitor and gains market share as a result, the competitor may seek restitution for the profits made by the breaching company.

It is important to note that restitution is not the same as damages. Damages seek to compensate the injured party for any losses suffered as a result of the breach. Restitution, on the other hand, seeks to restore the non-breaching party to the position they were in before the breach occurred.

In order to seek restitution, the non-breaching party must show that they suffered a loss as a result of the breach and that the breach was the direct cause of that loss. Additionally, the non-breaching party must show that they did not contribute to the breach in any way.

In conclusion, breaches of contract can have serious consequences for any business. Restitution is one of the remedies available to injured parties, and it seeks to restore them to the position they were in before the breach occurred. If you are involved in a breach of contract dispute, it is important to seek legal advice to determine what remedies are available to you.

Trade Facilitation Agreement India Upsc

Trade Facilitation Agreement and Its Impact on India – An Overview for UPSC Aspirants

Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) is a global initiative designed to simplify and streamline customs procedures and reduce trade barriers. Signed in 2013 by the World Trade Organization (WTO), the agreement aims to increase efficiency in cross-border trade, promote transparency, and ensure smoother transactions for businesses.

The Trade Facilitation Agreement has significant implications for India, which is a major player in the global market. As an aspiring UPSC candidate, it is essential to understand the implications of the TFA on India`s growth prospects and its standing in the global economy.

Impact of TFA on India

The TFA has the potential to transform the way India trades with the world. It is expected to provide several benefits to Indian businesses, including reduced costs and faster customs clearance times. Additionally, the TFA will increase transparency and reduce red tape, making it easier for Indian businesses to navigate global trade.

Moreover, the TFA will strengthen the country`s position in the global economy by making its trade practices more conformable to international standards. As a result, India`s reputation as a reliable trading partner will improve, leading to increased foreign investment and greater export opportunities.

Challenges Ahead

Despite the significant benefits, India faces significant challenges in implementing the TFA. The country has a complex customs system, and the transition to a more streamlined process will take time and require significant investment. Additionally, India needs to improve its infrastructure, including the development of better logistics and transportation networks.

However, the Indian government has already taken steps to address these challenges. It has introduced several measures, including the adoption of electronic payment systems, reducing paperwork, and training customs officials to meet the demands of the TFA.


The TFA is a critical initiative, and its successful implementation will have far-reaching effects on India`s economy. As an aspiring UPSC candidate, it is essential to understand the implications of the TFA on India`s growth prospects and its standing in the global economy. By reducing trade barriers and improving transparency, the TFA has the potential to transform India`s trade practices and lead to increased investment and greater export opportunities. However, the challenges ahead should not be underestimated, and the Indian government needs to continue its efforts to ensure a smooth transition to the new system.

Fwc Agreements

FWC Agreements: Understanding Their Importance and How They Affect the Workplace

In the world of employment and labor law, FWC agreements are a term that you may often come across. FWC stands for Fair Work Commission, which is an independent statutory body that oversees and regulates employment and workplace relations in Australia. Employers and employees can enter into FWC agreements, which are legally binding documents that set out the terms and conditions of their employment relationship.

FWC agreements are becoming increasingly popular in Australia, as they offer several benefits to both employers and employees. These agreements can be tailored to suit the specific needs of the parties involved and can cover a wide range of employment-related matters, such as pay, hours of work, leave entitlements, and performance expectations.

One of the main advantages of entering into an FWC agreement is that it provides certainty and stability for both the employer and the employee. By setting out the terms and conditions of the employment relationship upfront, there is less room for confusion or misunderstandings down the track. This can result in a more harmonious working relationship, which is beneficial for both parties.

Another benefit of FWC agreements is that they can offer greater flexibility than traditional employment contracts. For example, an FWC agreement may allow an employee to work flexible hours or have greater control over their roster. This can be particularly appealing to employees who value work-life balance or have other commitments outside of work.

FWC agreements can also be a useful tool for employers who are looking to attract and retain talent. By offering attractive employment terms and conditions, employers can differentiate themselves from their competitors and position themselves as an employer of choice.

However, it`s important to note that FWC agreements must comply with certain legal requirements. For example, they must meet the minimum standards set out in the relevant award or legislation, and the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) requires that FWC agreements must pass a better off overall test (BOOT). This means that the employee must be better off overall under the FWC agreement than they would be under the relevant award or legislation.

In conclusion, FWC agreements are an important tool for both employers and employees in Australia. They offer greater certainty and flexibility than traditional employment contracts, and can help attract and retain talent. However, it`s important to ensure that FWC agreements comply with all legal requirements to ensure they are legally binding and enforceable.